Spinal cord injury (SCI) is caused by various causes of spinal cord injury, functional damage, resulting in injury levels below exercise, sensory and autonomic dysfunction. Patients are usually in the spinal cord injury plane below the muscle involuntary contraction, that is,Muscle Therapy the phenomenon of muscle spasms. This muscle spasm will give patients a great deal of pain, local pain, convulsions, dysfunction and affect the normal life, can lead to severe contracture, walking difficulties and incontinence and so on.
Muscle spasticity (muscle spasticity) is a common complication in patients with spinal cord injury (SCI), is the central nervous system damage after the increase in muscle tension abnormalities of the syndrome, caused by the increased excitability of the distraction caused by speed-dependent Tension distraction hyperreflexia characterized by motor dysfunction. The rate of spasm depends on the increase in the rate of muscle drawing, the degree of muscle spasms also increased. According to reports,Muscle Therapy SCI patients 12% to 37% suffer from spasms, 40% of patients because of spasm and affect the implementation of rehabilitation, of which more than 25% of severe spasm.
Factors that affect muscle tone
1, position and limb position and distraction of the interaction, poor posture and limb position.
2, the state of the central nervous system.
3, tension and anxiety and other psychological factors, poor mental state.
4, the patient's subjective role in the movement.
5, the existence of the merger problems, such as urinary tract stones, infection, bladder filling, constipation, pressure sores, venous thrombosis, pain, local limb compression and contracture.
6, the overall health of patients, fever,Muscle Therapy infection, metabolic or electrolyte disorders.
7, drugs, ambient temperature and so on.
Muscle spasms generally occur 3 to 6 weeks after spinal cord injury, 6 to 12 months to reach the peak, the impact on patients:
1, increase the resistance of the movement, so that free exercise is difficult to complete.
2, due to increased resistance, slow movement,Muscle Therapy difficult to control, it is difficult to complete the delicate action.
3, due to unresponsive, coordinated coordination difficulties, easy to fall.
4, strong cramps, inconvenience care, prone to pressure sores and other complications.
5, the impact of gait and daily activities.
Treatment of Muscle Spasm after Spinal Cord Injury
In the treatment of muscle spasms before, to try to eliminate the increase in muscle spasms of various incentives, such as fever, stones, urinary tract infection, hydronephrosis, pressure sores, fractures, constipation and aggravating spasm drugs. After the lifting of the incentive, muscle spasms tend to be significantly reduced.
1, joint mobility (ROM) training: the most basic way to deal with spasms. Active and passive training can effectively prevent the occurrence of joint movement is limited. Training activities should be slow,Muscle Therapy stable and reach the full range.
2, continuous stretch training: can reduce the hyperthyroidism of the stretch reflex activity, help to relieve spasms. Passive or active training and stretch training are key to short and long term treatment of spasms.
3, some posture can also reduce muscle spasms.
4, spastic muscle antagonistic muscle Moderate active exercise on the spasm muscle interactive inhibition. Another deep and lasting muscle massage can also reduce muscle tension.
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